World Facts Index > Ireland > TraleeThe capital of Kerry and gateway to the Dingle Peninsula, Tralee offers the visitor a pleasing mix of history, shopping, and leisure. While there is always plenty to do during daylight hours, the town really comes alive at night when the numerous pubs open their doors offering a heady mix of live music, good food and high spirits.
The Ashe Memorial Hall dominates the centre of town. This impressive, modern building was once the town hall, but it now holds the Tourist Office and Kerry the Kingdom Museum. While the museum's first floor traces the county's history from 8,000 years ago to modern times, the basement offers a fascinating look at medieval Tralee. Visitors ride in little cars through recreated streets, experiencing the sights, sounds, and smells of over 600 years ago. Tralee Town Park surrounds the Hall on three sides. It is particularly beautiful in July and August when the world-famous rose garden is in full bloom. The national folk theatre, Siamsa Tire, is also located in the Park. Ireland's cultural heritage is celebrated through expert performances including music, song, and dance. Adjacent to the theatre, the Tralee Omniplex provides cinematic entertainment throughout the year.
Denny Street is one of Tralee's most elegant avenues and it intersects with the Park here. Georgian townhouses line each side. The basement of the former Denny home is now Finnegan's Cellar Restaurant, offering fine dining in a historic atmosphere. A few doors along, another basement houses the Wellspring Gallery. Contemporary art is attractively displayed and browsers are made most welcome. Towards the top of Denny Street is the Imperial Hotel with its popular bar. Tralee natives claim that everyone passes through it during the course of a weekend. Facing the Imperial is a striking pikeman statue commemorating the Rebellion of 1798. The monument divides traffic that flows down from The Mall on one side, and Castle Street on the other.
The Mall is a bustling shopping district with a good mixture of large and small shops. Castle Street also hums with shoppers throughout the day. In complete contrast, is the peace and solitude found in St. John's Church, just off Castle Street. Meeting Castle Street on the other side is Ashe Street. Here stands the majestic Tralee Courthouse with its splendid Ionic portico and large canons. Returning down Ashe Street you pass a variety of shops, restaurants, and pubs. The illustrious Baily's Corner is a public house for keen Kerry Football supporters. Momentos of past and present glories adorn the walls. Turning right, you can continue along The Mall until it runs into Rock Street. A quiet shopping district during the day, Rock Street really transforms at night. A host of popular pubs combine music, socialising, and craic. Kirby's Brogue Inn, The Rambling House, The Rock Inn, and The Old Oak all pull in the crowds, to name a few. Bridge Street branches off from The Mall here, in the other direction. Once again shops, restaurants, and pubs form a pleasant combination and a quiet break from the crowds. Tributaries to the River Lee once flowed through the town and Bridge Street recalls the days when it provided a way to cross one of the rivers.
Holy Cross Church is visible from Bridge Street. This Dominican church was built in 1861 on the site of a thirteenth-century priory. Another row of Tralee's Georgian townhouses stands beside the church at Day Place. Sir Robert Day, a prominent judge, lived here. His house at number three has been restored to its former glory and is now The Georgian Visitor Centre. Further down the road is Prince's Quay, again recalling the time when the Lee flowed by these doorways. The Mount Brandon Hotel dominates this area. One of Kerry's leading hotels, it is particularly known for hosting the Festival of Kerry. Each August young women from around the world compete for the title "Rose of Tralee" in this personality contest.
The southern area of Tralee has seen many changes in recent times. Several tourist-orientated attractions have been developed here. Resembling a cross between an ancient castle and glass spaceship, the Aquadome provides splashy excitement for all of the family. The authentically restored Tralee Steam Railway runs from the Aquadome to Blennerville and back several times a day. The Blennerville Windmill grinds grain once again when the sails are up and the brave can scramble to the very top. The Windmill complex has a variety of craft shops and a museum recalling Tralee's emigrant ships. This area is also a haven for bird watchers.
Sporting grounds dominate the northern area of Tralee. The Austin Stack GAA grounds offer great facilities for both players and supporters. Directly behind the grounds lies the Tralee Sports Centre with an impressive gym, pool, and sport fields. The Kingdom Greyhound Stadium offers racing several times a week. While for the equine enthusiast, the Tralee Races are held bi-annually at the nearby Race Course.
Tralee's modern port of Fenit lies to the west of town. Ship traffic was transferred here when the viaducts leading into the town filled with silt. Fenit Castle was built in 1800 to protect the harbour and its ruin on Fenit Island is very picturesque. Tralee Golf Club lies just beyond the harbour. Designed by Arnold Palmer, the golf links are popular with visitors and locals alike.
The east of Tralee features some of the oldest town landmarks. Although Ratass Church dates from early Christian times, the incorporated Ogham stone suggests the area had significance from an even earlier period. Close to Ratass is the old Tralee Workhouse where thousands perished during the Famine. Further east, along the same road one finds the evocative Ballyseedy Memorial and grand Ballyseedy Castle.
Beyond the town
As the gateway to the Dingle Peninsula, Tralee is the perfect base to explore the greatest concentration of archaeological sites in Ireland. The promontory forts at Caherconree, Dunbeg, and Dun Mor are awe-inspiring. Close to the Gaeltacht (Irish-speaking district), there is also ample opportunity to experience traditional music and culture in Dingle, Ventry, and Ballyferriter. With excellent facilities and so much on its doorstep, Tralee has something for everyone.
History of TraleeOrigins
In 500 BC, the first group to claim the Tralee area was the Ciarraige, a Pictish tribe from what is now Sligo and Roscommon. According to legend, they were descended from Queen Mebh's son Ciar. Ciarraige means "kingship of the people of Ciar." Kerry is derived from this name. They arrived in the Tralee region, but built their seat at Castleisland. Despite their generally autonomous position in the area, the Ciarraige paid tributes to Cashel and were a subject people for hundreds of years. One clan was even expelled to Connacht some time between 555-577 AD, foreshadowing Cromwell's similar action over 1000 years later.
The Celtic Fir Bolg arrived some years after the Ciarraige. The group that settled in North Kerry became known as the Corcu Duibne. These were an artistic and gifted people who best known for developing Ogham script. Ogham stones were once scattered throughout the Dingle Peninsula; examples can still be seen at Gallarus Oratory, Kilmalkedar Church, Ratass, and Chute Hall. The Corcu Duibne also had impressive building skills. They built the spectacular Caherconree, Dunbeg, and Dun Mor promontory forts. Perhaps most unique of all is the Glenfahan Group. This small "city" dates from the sixth or seventh century and housed up to 2,000 people. The Milesians were the third group to settle in the Tralee region. According to legend, they invaded Ireland in 100 BC. Landing in Waterville, they had several battles with the mystical Tuatha De Danaan, culminating in the battle of Sliabh Mis. Fought in a glen above Tralee, the Milesians won but their queen, Scotia, was killed. The area is now known as Scotia's Glen and her grave is reputed to be under an ancient scribed stone.
Advent of Christianity
The coming of Christianity in the late fifth century was the next major influence on the region. All three groups adopted the religion quite readily, blending together old pagan and Christian practices. During the early Christian period, both missionary and monastic movements were quite strong. While missionaries left the area, others stayed and founded monasteries. Ciarraige descendants were very active in both roles. St Brendan, St Mochuda, St Cuimine Fota, and St Fionan all travelled great distances, while monasteries were founded at Ardfert, Kilmalkedar, Riasc, Temple Martin, and Ratass. By the end of the sixth century, the monasteries had become very wealthy. A reform movement arose led by the Corcu Duibne. Eremitical, or hermitage sites, were built across Kerry. In fact, the largest concentration of eremitical sites in Ireland is to be found here. Gallarus Oratory is one of the best-preserved examples. The monasteries and hermitage sites acted as major patrons for education and the arts. Peace, wealth, and education brought a new period of prosperity to the region.
From 800-1000, the population of North Kerry greatly increased and centres developed for both trade and education. The ports of Dingle and Smerwick had extensive trade links with the Continent. Smerwick is Norse for "butter harbour," describing the main export of the time. Viking raids commenced during the tenth century and round towers were built to protect the monastery's wealth. Rattoo Round Tower is one of the finest examples in Ireland, remaining remarkably well preserved. Successive raids and plagues stunted the region's growth for close to 200 years. The monastic settlement at Ratass in Tralee was briefly the Kerry bishop's seat from 1111 to 1152. It then lost supremacy and deteriorated. Although the following period was one of political upheaval and unrest, it also saw extensive ecclesiastical development with Ardfert Cathedral and an Ardfert Church built during this time.
Life in the area radically changed when the Anglo-Normans, or Geraldines, arrived in the thirteenth century. Within a relatively short space of time, their superior organisation and weaponry proved decisive, and all of North Kerry came under Geraldine control. John Fitzthomas built a magnificent castle in Tralee and found a Dominican priory in 1243. A cousin founded the Ardfert Friary ten years later. Although John Fitzthomas was killed in 1261 at the battle of Callan, his family retained Tralee and a market town grew up around the castle. Tralee became an important trade centre with a road crossing to Dingle and a busy harbour supplying timber for wine casks and boats. In 1580, as Ormonds descended upon the town, the family destroyed their own castle. Tralee and 6,000 acres of confiscated lands were then granted to Sir Edward Denny in 1587. It was his reward for participating in the massacre at Dun An Oir.
The Dennys were the leading family for the next two centuries and helped the town achieve borough status in 1613. They rebuilt the castle in the 1620s on the west side of Denny Street. Although no trace of the castle remains, this is how Upper and Lower Castle Streets were named. The castle was put under siege between 1641-2 by a group of Catholics. Led by Piaras Ferriter, a Gaelic poet, the rebels were successful. However, the victory was short-lived. Cromwell's soldiers quashed the rebellion in 1652. The Gaelic aristocracy was banished to Connacht and much of Tralee was destroyed at this time. In the eighteenth century, however, Tralee was rebuilt with grace. Denny Street, Castle Street, and Day Place have splendid examples of townhouses from the period. The Georgian House Visitor Centre has restored one of these townhouses to give a glimpse into the life of a privileged Tralee citizen.
The Victorian age brought further construction including a fine Courthouse, designed by Sir Richard Morrison. Development, however, was halted during the Great Famine. Thousands that perished in the streets and Workhouse, were buried in mass graves at God's Acre. Similar numbers emigrated from the port at Blennerville with the Windmill their last image of home. By the 1860s, the worst was over and building began again with St. John's Church and Holy Cross Church.
Fight for Independence
Tralee continued to grow as a market town, always retaining its strong rebel spirit. In the early nineteenth century, support for Irish nationalism rose. Recruiting for volunteers in North Kerry began in 1913. After a date was fixed for the Rising, Sir Roger Casement and two companions arrived by U-boat to supervise the landing of German arms at Banna Strand. A series of mishaps and bad communication resulted in the boat failing to land the arms and Casement being arrested. During the war for independence, Tralee saw some skirmishes and British soldiers burned the old town hall in October 1920. In the civil war that followed independence, North Kerry saw some of the worst fighting. The majority of the population supported the irregulars and memorials to those who died fighting Government troops still line the roadsides. Perhaps the most evocative is the Ballyseedy Memorial. This commemorates one of the worst atrocities of the war when nine irregular prisoners were roped to a landmine and blown up at this spot.
Tralee today is a modern, dynamic town that takes great pride in its past. Perhaps the annual Festival of Kerry best shows these two characteristics. Each August young women of Irish descent from around the world compete for the title "Rose of Tralee." Honouring a legendary lovers' tragedy from long ago, it is a forum for contestants to express their talents and thoughts on the future.
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